A state with a maximum breadth of no less than 1244 kilometers - that’s roughly equivalent to the air-line distance between Berlin and Rome -, such a state can claim to be special based on its proportions alone. If the history of Texas with the famous six flags that have been flowing over the state is also taken into account and if a look is taken at the variety of sceneries within its borders, then it quickly becomes obvious that Texas indeed takes a special position. Thus, the Texan self-conception of being a little more independent and a little different from the rest of the country does not come without cause.
Ocean beaches and prairies, as well as forests, marshlands, mountain ranges and deserts are among the landscapes to be found in Texas and in between there are megacities. Five of the country’s 20 largest cities are in Texas and not only those are of great significance for the economy. Texas’ GDP is roughly on the same level as South Korea’s and tax rates are among the lowest in the country. Cattle herds, giant ranches and oil wells still are big parts of the image of the Texan economy.
Texan culture reflects influences from the American West and South as well from Mexico. Close to 38% of Texans are Hispanics, and approximately 3.5 million were not born in the US, including an estimated one million illegal immigrants. Two thirds of the Texan population are living in one of the urban agglomerations which are primarily found in the eastern half of the state.