It’s safe to refer to Nevada as a land of extremes. They have the loneliest road of America here, where encountering another vehicle is more or less a coincidence. On the other hand, they also have Las Vegas here, without any doubt the world capital of casinos and of entertainment. The mountains in the North are perfectly suited for skiing and in the South, there are desert areas, where summer temperatures can reach unbearable digits. The vast majority, approximately 85% of residents, lives in the Las Vegas and Reno agglomerations and of the remaining, vast areas of the seventh-largest US state, 85% are federal lands set aside for environmental conservations or for military purposes.
Apart from gambling and tourism, the two most significant pillars of Nevada’s economy, agriculture and then as now, mining play important roles. More than 8% of the global gold production come from Nevada, which with that is the world’s third-largest producer after South Africa and Australia. Mines, claims and pits also have been important factors in the state’s history and had big impact on the development of population numbers.
Up until the first silver resource was discovered in 1859, Nevada was a relatively insignificant, barren and sparsely populated area; a part of the large Utah Territory that was dominated by Mormons. In 1864, Nevada was admitted to the Union, becoming the 36th US state.