Hawaii

 

The Hawaiian Islands

The Hawaii archipelago consists of eight large islands and numerous smaller islands  and atolls. The entire chain of islands stretches over a total of about 1500 kilometers, with Hawaii island marking the southernmost and the Kure atoll being the northernmost point of the archipelago. If seen from a geologic perspective, it is correct to speak of a part of the Hawaii-Emperor chain of islands, as the visible islands and atolls of Hawaii are in fact the highest points of a chain of volcanic mountains on the ground below the sea, extending over 6000 kilometers. This mountain chain was formed many millions of years ago, when the Pacific tectonic plate moved above a hotspot of volcanic activity. It is estimated that the Kure atoll as the oldest part of the islands visible today was formed roughly about 28 million years ago. 

HI Space photo

Island

Nickname

Area

Population

Description

Hawaii

Big Island

10.432 kmē

185.100

Largest and southeasternmost island of the archipelago, location of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Largest town: Hilo

Maui

Valley Isle

1883 kmē

144.400

Home of Haleakala National Park, famous for windsurfing and whale watching in winter. Largest town: Kahului

Oahu

Gathering Place

1545 kmē

953.200

Most densely populated island, seat of the state government, home of culture and nightlife. Largest town: Honolulu

Kauai

Garden Isle

1431 kmē

66.900

Lots of nature, steep cliffs and canyons, plus tropical forests with waterfalls and a river. Largest town: Kapaa

Molokai

Friendly Isle

673 kmē

7.300

Most native of the islands, very little touristic influence, a glance into Hawaiian history. Largest town: Kaunakakai

Lanai

Pineapple Isle

364 kmē

3.100

Very quiet island with two luxury resorts, other than that a lot of nature and impressive rocks. Largest town: Lanai City

Niihau

Forbidden Isle

180 kmē

170

Island in private property since 1864, can only be reached by scheduled tour departing from Kauai.

Kahoolawe

Target Isle

116 kmē

0

Uninhabited island, also in private property and accessible only by permit, previously military training area


 

 

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